Black and white photos depend on a wide range of gray colors that reflect the lights and shadows in the photos. The level of the gray tones and depths are related to the exposure that is used when taking the photo. While color photography may look brighter and more realistic, the depth of the gray gives a more dramatic effect to black and white scenes. As you remove the color element from the shot, you give more space to... CONTINUE READING
But actually, it refers to any close-up shot even of normal size objects, such as flowers, the human eye, or tree leaves. Macro photography images are usually taken using a special macro lens that allows you to take very close shots with a normal size ratio, such as 1:1. You can also use tools such as a close-up filter and reversing rings to get a macro shot without a dedicated expensive lens. Another advantage of getting a macro lens... CONTINUE READING
Somehow the two fields are connected to each other. This makes many art schools add photography courses to their design degree requirements or vice versa. In this article, I will try to explore with you if graphic designers really need to learn about photography, and I would like to hear your personal opinion and experience about graphic design and photography as linked talents. Photography In Your Design If you are a graphic designer who works in any of the... CONTINUE READING
Christopher Bonanos, a senior editor of New York magazine, has written a book to be released on September 29th 2012, charting the dramatic tale of the Polaroid camera. “Instant: The Story of Polaroid” uncovers the history behind this iconic brand, discussing everything from its rise in popularity and pop-culture status to its later decline into bankruptcy. Created by Edwin Land in 1937, Polaroid was initially developed from a garage workshop. The company flourished and its first instant camera was... CONTINUE READING
Relatively recently, digital photography has exploded into mainstream culture. Of course, regular people have enjoyed taking pictures for decades, but not until the advent of digital capture has photography captured the imagination of the masses. What was once the realm of professional photographers has spilled over into popular culture, and as a result, graphic designers are more frequently handling the capture and/or processing of original photographs. Along with type, photography has always been intrinsic to graphic design, and digital... CONTINUE READING
A histogram is a graph that can help you evaluate a digital image. Histograms can be found on digital cameras and in computer software. A typical histogram shows the relative distribution of the brightness values of the pixels in the image, from black to white and everything in between, using a linear scale of 256 levels. 0 is solid black and 255 is pure white. The darkest shadow values are shown at the left end of the scale, and... CONTINUE READING
Since graphic design and media production is dependent on the reproduction of photographs, designs and other imagery, graphic designers and photographers need to understand the issues related to copyrights and usage rights. They are not the same thing. (Note: although copyright and usage is an international issue, the topics discussed in this article pertain specifically to the U.S. and Canada, and for the most part, Europe. Other countries have varying laws and protection related to copyright. If you live... CONTINUE READING
Color Management 101 Color management is the term used to describe an integrated system of computer hardware, software and workflow techniques all working together to translate color from one device to another in a controlled way. Color management is of great importance in graphic design; if you want your designs to look their best you should follow a color-managed workflow. Gamut: Range of Colors Available Various devices (monitors, printers, cameras, scanners, etc.) all handle color differently. Each device has... CONTINUE READING
Finding good photographic imagery to use in your designs for print, web and video projects is one of the most common and important tasks for graphic designers and art directors. It can also be challenging and sometimes frustrating. There are several things to consider when you’re sourcing photography, including where to get the photos, image file quality and specifications, licensing and usage terms, and cost. Starting out, you have two basic options: buy pre-existing images (referred to as “stock”... CONTINUE READING
Nobody is that perfect. Nobody has flawless skin, perfect hair, the perfect shade of white teeth, clothing that fits without a wrinkle in sight… unless it’s a re-touched photo. Now don’t get me wrong, I’m sure Beyonce and Cameron Diaz are absolutely stunning in person, but I am also positive that they have some wrinkles in their clothing, or an occasional pimple that pops up. Professional photo retouchers are trained to virtually erase these flaws while making a photo... CONTINUE READING
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